My last 180,000 genealogic years of wandering the earth per National Geographic Geno 2.0 DNA testing

Golding / Golden / Goulding et al Family History on Facebook


My GENO 2.0 DNA test results from National Geographic are in.

My maternal line is: H1
My paternal line is: R1b1a2a1a1c1a U106
— The GENO test advanced my YDNA ISOGG definition from R1b1a2a1a1a (U106) to R1b1a2a1a1c1a U106/R-Z307

GENO 2.0, by National Geographic, is different from many other DNA tests in that it provides a deep look back in time. Its objective is to create an anthropological view of our lives, not a genealogic view … although you can upload the results to FamilyTreeDNA.com where it can be used for some genealogy purposes.

Quick Review of GENO 2.0:

For women, the mtDNA test given by FamilyTreeDNA is considered superior in almost every way if your intent is to use the results for genealogy.

For men, the test results are roughly equivalent to taking FamilyTreeDNA’s 111 marker test — the only problem being that almost no one takes the 111 marker test so you very rarely have any results to compare your results against.

For both men and women, the value of taking the GENO 2.0 test is 1) it heavily tests for hundreds and thousands of known SNPs and confirms their existence in your DNA. Just testing for one SNP normally costs $39, so GENO 2.0 is an incredible bargain if you are a serious genetic genealogist; and 2) the GENO 2.0 test provides an interesting geolocational timeline of both maternal and paternal haplogroup evolution back to the earliest identifiable SNP within your DNA … which in my case was 180,000 years in the past for my maternal line.

If your primary interest is making genealogical connections then GENO 2.0 is not the best test for you.

GENO 2.0 outlines a person’s evolution according to their genetic changes (markers) across time. These markers are called SNPs (pronounced snip or plural snips // Single Nucleotide – Polymorphism). A newly evolved SNP is unique to an individual at a single instance of time, although similar SNPs with similar origins can come into being. EXAMPLE: During a plague or outbreak of disease, an ancestor developed a unique biological resistance which recorded itself within a person’s DNA and which provides some protection for future generations against that same kind of disease or plague. That would be a SNP that every descendent would then inherit … and even though multiple people in the same plague may develop similar immunity the SNPs passed on to their descendents would always be slightly different and thus trackable across time.

We carry along these markers from generation to generation, but there was a specific time in the past when these markers came into being. Identify the marker and you may be able to identify a point-in-time from the past as to when and where the SNP was created.

We pass along these markers to our children, leaving a forensic trail that allows science to look backwards in time. Not all SNPs are known as to their meaning, but they do act to correlate the evolution of related individuals across time and space.

My Maternal Lineage

Maternal line testing - H1

My mother’s direct maternal line derives from a direct ancestor born in East Africa about 180,000 years ago. From East Africa, this lineage spread across northeastern Africa. Between 60-70,0000 years ago my maternal line moved then from Africa and settled in the eastern Mediterranean region (the area from modern Turkey to the modern Caucasus region). Western migration into Europe began about 22-30,000 years ago. This maternal line (H1 which evolved from H, HV, R0, R, N and L3) slowly spread across western Europe (Germany, Alps/Tyrolia, British Isles) as the last ice age continued its retreat.

Below is the evolution of my DNA maternal tree.

mtDNA timeline
mtDNA timeline measured in years from time of identifiable origination

My Paternal Timeline

My paternal line has genetic markers tracking back approximately 140,000 years. My family’s modern ancestry originated in the British Isles. However the path taken out of Africa to reach the British Isles took a much more scenic route than did my mother’s maternal line.

Both my maternal and paternal family lines originated in the British Isles before arriving in North America during the 1600s.

Paternal line testing R-Z307

Below is the evolution of my DNA paternal tree.

YDNA timeline
YDNA migration timeline measured in years from time of identifiable origination.

Neanderthal Fraternization

At some time more than 30,000 years ago there was a Neanderthal grandparent, or two, introduced into the family tree. However, there is a 0.0 percent trace of Denisovan DNA.

Neanderthal

The Denisovans are a fairly recently identified predecessor line to modern humans. It is generally thought that they lived and thrived mostly in southeast Asia and central Siberia, but Denisovans have been confirmed as having been present in southwest Europe in Spain about 400,000 years ago.


You are welcome to add to or to correct this story by contacting: Bill Golden, Norfolk1956@gmail.com

BTW – I look forward to sharing your stories, photos and in-search-of quests. Contact me at the email address above.

Whereever I go … there I am … but as for Elmer Fudd

You can use Spokeo.com to find you … or people named like you … or people not named like you … people with their own names.

Fair Warning: if I were to borrow money from you without intent to pay it back then there are many places that I could go and blend in … all except three. It seems that  they have ‘Kill Bill’ laws in Maine, North Dakota and Wyoming. So will save you some effort: loan me money but DO NOT look for me in those three states.

Name popularity - William Golden - 2013

Just in case you were curious: there are no Elmer Fudds in America. There are however ‘Elmer Fud’ with just one ‘d’. How cruel is that? What were their parents thinking?

John D. Norfleet – At the far end of Pearl Harbor, On V-J Day

Like most American families, there were numerous of my relatives that served in the U.S. Armed Services during World War II.

One of them was my great uncle John Davis Norfleet of Hickory (Chesapeake), Virginia.

John Norfleet was a Navy storekeeper (logistics & supply) that learned the trade at a school hastily setup in a hotel in Boston, Massachusetts and then he shipped out to Attu in the Aleutian Islands where he finished out the war.

Graduation Certificate for Storekeeper School 1944 0703 - John Davis Norfleet
1944 July 3rd U.S. Navy Graduation Certificate for Storekeeper School - John Davis Norfleet
We will hold Attu till Hell freezes over
A document or envelop stamp honoring military service (and sacrifice) on Attu, Aleutian Islands.
John Norfleet with mates on V-J Day on Attu - Aug 14th 1945
John Norfleet, U.S. Navy with mates on V-J Day on Attu - Aug 14th 1945
John Norfleet with mates on V-J Day on Attu - Aug 14th 1945  (backside of foto)
John Norfleet with mates and his 'Skipper' on V-J Day on Attu - Aug 14th 1945 (backside of foto)
Stamp honoring Aleutian Island service
A U.S. Navy document or envelop stamp honoring Aleutian Island service
John Norfleet, with shipmates, is in bottom lefthand corner with a pipe
John Norfleet, with shipmates, is in bottom lefthand photo corner with a pipe
John D. Norfleet military driver license
John D. Norfleet's U.S. Navy military driver license
1944 12 Christmas Party at Attu
1944 Christmas Party at Attu, U.S. Navy
Official 1944 Christmas photo of Attu to send home to family
Official 1944 Christmas photo of Attu to send home to family
Attu landscape - a mountain and a glacier
Attu landscape - a mountain and a glacier

 

Postscript:  After the war John Norfleet returned home for a short while and then went the University of Virginia, graduating in 1952 with a degree in law. He died in 1985 at Hickory, Virginia.


Am a family historian of the Norfleet family (came to America in 1636/37 at Jamestown from Norfleet, England) and the Richard Golden family (came to America at Savannah, Georgia by way of Ireland). I welcome your photos, stories and memories. If you have no one to leave them to the please consider sending them to me. I promise to keep them safe, to digitize them, and to share them with the world. You can reach me at BillG@GWorx.com

Marion Norfleet Styron – U.S. Army 1944

Marion Norfleet Styron of Hickory, Virginia was my great aunt on my mother’s side. She married Donald Styron. Both served in the U.S. Army and met during World War II.

Aunt Marion joined the Women Army Corps (WAC) when she got the chance.

These photos are from December 1944 while she was in the Chattanooga, Tennessee area. She sent these photos to my Uncle John Norfleet, U.S. Navy, who was himself stationed at Attu in the Aleutians at the time.

Note: click the photos to get larger, higher resolution versions. Two levels are provided.

FYI – The Norfleets are among Virginia’s and America’s oldest families, having arrived at Jamestown, Virginia no later than October 1637 when they received a land grant at what is now the Springfield Plantation on the James River, Virginia.


Am a family historian of the Norfleet family (came to America in 1636/37 at Jamestown from Norfleet, England) and the Richard Golden family (came to America at Savannah, Georgia by way of Ireland). I welcome your photos, stories and memories. If you have no one to leave them to the please consider sending them to me. I promise to keep them safe, to digitize them, and to share them with the world. You can reach me at BillG@GWorx.com